In 1860 a factory was opened in Leith, and in 1897 another started production in Liverpool under the management of James S. R. Crawford and Archibald I. Crawford, William Crawford's sons.
A business was also established in London by John Crawford (1856-1922). The company was incorporated in 1924.
In 1962, the firm merged with two other famous firms of Scottish origin, McVitie and Price and MacFarlane Lang, to form the United Biscuits Group.
The Leith factory of William Crawford and Sons Ltd. was closed in 1971.
by Paul Green